Physical therapy offers various ways to reduce pain, improve mobility, and restore physical function after surgery, and overall fitness. Depending on your injury, disease or condition, you may need to improve your flexibility, strength, endurance, coordination, and/or balance.

To do this your treatment may focus on:

· Your muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones (musculoskeletal system)

· Spinal cord and nerves (nervous system)

· Heart and circulation

· Inner ear (vestibular system)


Therapeutic Exercise:

Specific exercises that are used to build strength, increase flexibility, relieves fatigue, pain, and musculoskeletal stiffness, improves balance and coordination, and promotes circulation throughout the body.

Manual Therapy:

Manual therapy consists hands-on techniques that involves restoring mobility (range of motion) to stiff joints and alleviating pain.

Neuromuscular Re-education:

Neuromuscular re-education is used to restore proprioception and balance to help reduce the risk of re-injury or falling.


Ultrasound therapy is a machine that generates high frequency sound waves that enter the skin and muscle beneath, which helps to improve blood flow, increase tissue temperature, decrease inflammation, decrease muscle spasms, and to eliminate pain.

Electrical Stimulation:

Electrical stimulation sends a painless electrical current in various wavelengths through the skin in order to increase localized blood flow, relax muscle spasms, increase range of motion, assist with muscle atrophy, and build strength.

Hot Pack/Cold Packs:

Ice packs are used to help to reduce blood flow to decrease inflammation, swelling, and pain.
Hot packs are used to help increase circulation and to relax stiff and/or sore muscles.